The terrain was not only prepared but well tilled and cultivated, by Fr Antonio Belloni, founder of the Orphanage of Betlehem and of the Holy Family Congregation.
Already in 1893 Fr Belloni and around half of his confreres entered the Salesian Congregation professing the vows and Rule.
Becoming a salesian, apart from the house of Betlehem, Fr Belloni brought with him “as dowry” the agricultural school of Beitgemal, the novitiate of Cremisan and the vast terrain on which the house of Nazareth was to be built. Fr Belloni died in 1903 and has been since then remembered as the “father of the orphans” (“Abuliatama”).
Gradually the Province grew in the other countries of the Middle East: Egypt in 1896, Turkey in 1903, Iran in 1937, Syria in 1948 and Lebanon in 1952. Between 1976 and 1998, the MOR Province also included some presences in Ethiopia.